By Salah M. Alajeel
A city is a densely populated human settlement. Cities have been found to have existed as far back as 9000 B.C. Cities became popular as time went by because they centralized most of the resources and services people needed.
Cities that have the best service delivery grow, and the ones that do not become irrelevant. It is this that has made the technologies used in cities grow. A modern city has to be as independent as possible. In the pursuit of this goal, the idea of eco-cities was born.
An eco-city is a city that makes use of the available resources optimally, leaving little to waste. Co cities are designed to be self-sustaining and have the resilience of a natural ecosystem. They are designed to have little or no effect on the environment.
The eco city thrives because its population doesn’t use more resources than the city can generate.
Eco City Frameworks
Countries all over the world want eco cities. The world needs ecocities. But a lack of regulations has made the implementation of eco cities wildly diverse.
The International Eco city Frameworks were created to aid in the smooth transition of cities into eco cities while at the same time giving room for improvement of the performance of the urban center as a city.
The frameworks plan a city’s way as it grows.
Pillars Of Ecocity Frameworks
There are four main pillars of eco-city design;
Eco cities strive to restore the local and surrounding biodiversity. Eco cities try to reduce their negative impacts on the environment by producing most of the resources they use using clean and renewable methods and recycling most of the waste products.
Eco cities are built with access to resources in mind. Such cities are planned around ideas of providing fast and environmentally friendly methods of transport. These may include; Green walkways, cycle lanes, electric trams, and trains.
They are also designed to allow the easy integration of smart renewable energy sources.
Socio Cultural Frameworks
Eco cities strive to provide quality education for people from all walks of life. They invest heavily in infrastructure that enables their inhabitants to experience the best learning environment for diverse cultures.
Bio Geophysical Frameworks
Eco cities have to focus on their environment. Infrastructure has to be put in place to ensure responsible use of resources and preservation of the environment.
Eco cities have to consider elaborate and efficient recycling systems and clean energy production and ensure a reliable supply of fresh air and clean water for the residents.
Advantages Of Eco Cities
- Eco cities embrace agriculture and encourage agricultural practices like vertical farming. This increases food security.
- Such cities are trailblazers in innovation. Research on crops that are kept indoors in a controlled environment has been successful because of eco cities.
- Water treatment plants in eco cities help provide safe and usable water in and, in some cases, outside the cities.
- They are friendly to the environment. Fossil fuel use is greatly limited.
- They create job opportunities.
- Building these cities damages the environment, particularly during their development.